Gothic Cathedrals originating from France, is an architectural style that flourished at the peak and end of the Middle Ages. It is mainly used in churches and developed from Roman architecture After the 19th century, with the wave of Gothic revival in Europe, it spread to all parts of the world.
The characteristics of Gothic architecture: 1. Change the semicircle of Roman style into a sagittal shape. 2. The internal space is enlarged, and the wall is designed with tall windows. 3. The top is heightened and the spire is soaring into the clouds. 4. Many exquisite carvings have been added. 5. The windows are decorated with stained glass paintings, giving people a sense of heaven. 6. The tall bell tower and vertical lines fully reflected the people’s worship of God and yearning for the heaven at that time.
Do you know what are the top 10 Medieval Gothic Cathedrals in the World ? If you don’t know, let’s have a look.
1. Notre Dame de Paris
The official name of Notre Dame Cathedral of Paris is the Cathedral of Notre Dame of Paris. Located on the island of Xidi in the center of Paris, France, Notre Dame of Paris is one of the world’s most famous clock towers. It is unparalleled in terms of religious status and historical value. It is a pity that the roof of this Gothic Christian church building caught fire in April 2019, and two-thirds of its roofs were destroyed. On November 6, China and France signed a cooperation document in Beijing, Cooperation on the restoration of Notre Dame de Paris.
2. Cologne Cathedral
Cologne Cathedral is the landmark Catholic cathedral building in Cologne, Germany. Among all the churches, the height of the church is the second highest in Germany and the third highest in the world. In terms of scale, it is the largest church in northern Europe and has the reputation of the most perfect example of Gothic church architecture.
3. Milan Cathedral
This church is one of the five cathedrals in the world, the second largest in scale and the largest Gothic architecture in the world. It was started in 1386. The gilded statue of the Virgin Mary on the top of the Gothic tower built in 1774 is the symbol of Milan. Napoleon also held the coronation ceremony in the Milan Cathedral in 1805.
4. Seville Cathedral
This cathedral is located in Seville, the capital city of Andalusia, Spain. It is one of the five major churches in the world, second only to St. Peter’s Cathedral in the Vatican and Milan Cathedral in Italy. It was rebuilt on the site of an Islamic temple in the early 15th century and was declared a world cultural heritage in 1987.
5. Virgin Cathedral of Flowers
This church is located in the historical center of Florence, Italy. It is also known as the Cathedral of the Virgin of Flowers. It is the fourth largest church in the world. In 1982, it was listed as a world cultural heritage as part of the historical center of Florence. When you come here, you can reach the dome by climbing the 463 steps on the north side of the church, and you can overlook the street view of the entire old city.
6. Salisbury Cathedral
This church has the highest tower in Britain. It was built in 1220 and lasted for 38 years. It is a Gothic building in the early Middle Ages in England. It also has the best preserved copy of the four Magna Carta and the oldest mechanical tower clock in Europe. The whole church covers an area of about 80 acres and has the largest cathedral cloister in Britain.
7. Amiens Cathedral
Amiens Cathedral is located on the bank of the Somme River in Amiens, Somme Province, France. It was built at the peak of Gothic architecture. It is composed of three halls, a cross hall and a back hall. Sculptures distributed at the main gate, the north gate and the south gate are called “Amiens Bible”, which is a masterpiece in sculpture.
8. Burgos Cathedral
This church is the only cathedral that has been declared as the cultural heritage of mankind independently. It is an outstanding representative of the Gothic architecture of the 13th century. There are countless precious altarpieces in it, and it is famous for the image of the Virgin and the huge and unique architecture that worships holiness and love.
9. Stephen's Cathedral
Located in the center of Vienna, Austria, Stephen’s Cathedral is the symbol of Vienna and has the reputation of “the heart of Vienna”. Its height is only second to Cologne Cathedral and Ulm Cathedral, and it is the third highest church in the world. It was built in the 12th century. The earliest part of the building was of Roman architectural style. After being ruled by the Habbs Dynasty, the later tall towers were built in different architectural styles.
10. Exeter Cathedral
This Gothic Cathedrals is located in Exeter, Devon, England. It is one of the most famous cathedrals in Britain and one of the best examples of Gothic architecture in the world. It was built in 932 and burned down later. The church you see now was built in 1112. This church still has the longest uninterrupted arched ceiling in England.
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