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Top 10 Medieval Gothic Churches in Europe

Top 10 Medieval Gothic Churches in Europe

Gothic churches quickly became popular with the rise of civil society and became the center of urban public life. It is characterized by a towering spire. In the design, the cross arch, columns, flying coupons and the strength of the new frame structure are used to support the top, so that the whole building is tall and full of space. Combined with the long windows inlaid with stained glass, the church has A strong religious atmosphere. Gothic churches occupy an important place in the history of architecture with their superb technical and artistic achievements. Today’s design tour introduces you to the top ten medieval Gothic churches in Europe:

  1. Chartres CathedralChartres Cathedral is located in a small town near Paris, France. Not only is the Cathedral of Chartres one of the finest examples of the heyday of French Gothic architecture, but the church is still well-preserved to this day. Most of the original stained glass windows are still intact; the overall architecture of the church has only changed slightly since 13, almost retaining its original appearance.
  1. Santa Maria del Fiore

The construction of the Cathedral of Our Lady of Flowers began in 1296 and was officially completed in 1436, which took 140 years. It is not only an extremely beautiful church, but the city symbol and calling card of Florence. The façade of the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore is unique and bright with marble façades composed of green, pink and white. The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore is not only one of the largest churches in Italy, but until modern times, the size of the dome of the church has been ranked first in the world. Even now, the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore is the largest brick dome ever built.

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  1. Cologne Cathedral

Cologne Cathedral is the largest Gothic church in Germany and has been the most famous landmark in Cologne, Germany for centuries. Cologne Cathedral was once the tallest building in the world, and today, its facade is still the largest in the world. This famous cathedral stands on the site of a 4th-century Roman temple. The Gothic style of the current Cologne Cathedral began in 1248 and lasted for more than 600 years before the church was completed. Cologne Cathedral is the seat of the Catholic Archbishop of Cologne, Germany.

  1. Notre Dame de Paris

Notre Dame de Paris is a beautiful Catholic church located in the 4th arrondissement of Paris. Construction of the church began in 163, and it was almost completed around 1345. As the most famous Gothic church in France, Notre Dame de Paris is a perfect example of Gothic architecture, ermine and stained glass. During the French Revolution in the 1790s, many of Notre Dame’s sculptures and treasures were damaged or destroyed. Napoleon was crowned emperor here in 1804.

  1. York Minster

York Minster is one of the two largest Gothic cathedrals in Northern Europe (the other is Cologne Cathedral), firmly controlling the skyline of the ancient city of York, very spectacular. The style of York Minster incorporates features characteristic of the main stages of the development of Gothic architecture in England. Construction of the church began around 1230 and continued until 1472. The Great East Window of York Minster is the largest medieval stained glass in the world.

  1. Seville Cathedral

The Cathedral of Seville stands on the site of the Monhard Mosque and was built to commemorate the recovery of lost territory and to demonstrate the rights and wealth of Seville. When the church was completed in the 16th century, Seville Cathedral surpassed Hagia Sophia as the largest church in the world at the time. Today, Seville Cathedral is the largest Gothic cathedral in the world and the third largest in the world. The builders of the church adopted a series of elements from the mosque that gave the Cathedral of Seville its character.

  1. Milan Cathedral

Milan Cathedral is a very magnificent and exquisite Gothic cathedral located in Piazza Milano, and one of the most famous buildings in Europe. In 1386, the Milan Cathedral was started under the leadership of Archbishop Antonio Saluzzo, and its style belongs to the late Gothic style, with more French characteristics. This world-famous cathedral took five hundred years to complete.

  1. Reims Cathedral

Reims Cathedral is extremely prominent, and many French monarchs have been officially crowned here. Reims Cathedral was completed at the end of the 13th century; in the 14th century, a west gate was added to the Reims Cathedral.

  1. Burgos Cathedral

Burgos Cathedral is a medieval cathedral in Burgos dedicated to the Virgin Mary. The church is known for its sheer size and unique Gothic style. Construction of Burgos Cathedral began in 1221, and after a long 2 centuries of silence, construction continued until it was completed in 1567.

  1. St Stephen’s Cathedral

St. Stephen’s Cathedral is located in the center of Vienna and is a symbol of Vienna’s freedom. The church has survived several wars and tenaciously. There were two earlier churches here before St. Stephen’s Basilica was built. In the 14th century, Duke Rudolf IV of Austria initiated the construction of St. Stephen’s Cathedral. The most famous feature of St. Stephen’s Cathedral is the diamond-patterned tiled roof. They were not added to the overall style of the church until 1952.

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